A farm fertilizer fee is at the top of the suggestion list released Wednesday in a state report focused on widespread contamination of drinking water, especially in rural San Joaquin Valley towns.
The state needs to come up with $36 million a year to address the Valley problems from nitrates, which come from fertilizers and animal waste.
The contamination threatens drinking water for 250,000 people from Fresno to Bakersfield, according to a study released last year by the University of California at Davis.
Many people in small towns such as Seville in Tulare County have been drinking bottled water for years as they await a state solution. A Fresno Bee series of stories in 2011 highlighted the problems.
Grants and loans through the state have not panned out for some towns that can’t afford to pay back loans or maintain treatment facilities.
Another funding source is needed, say leaders of the State Water Resources Control Board, which did the report.
“There just isn’t a stable, long-term funding source,” said Jonathan Bishop, chief deputy director of the water resources board in Sacramento.
Bishop said the recommendations are among the steps required by SBX2-1 in 2008. It’s up to the Legislature to settle on how to get funding.
Other ideas to raise money include a tax on farm commodities and a water-use fee.
Activists led by the Community Water Center in Visalia say rural residents have been stuck with the bill for bottled water long enough.
“The state has known for 40 years that applying too much fertilizer on crops contaminates drinking water,” said Maria Herrera of the water center, which represents many towns.
“The problem is getting worse for communities and taxpayers throughout California. We need action now.”